|The Schema Concept: Bartlett till Now - Nicoletta Caramelli|
When in 1932 Bartlett first used the concept of âschemaâ borrowing it from Head, he intended to suggest a unitary structure whose elements interacted in a complex way. This structure, which aimed to insure the continuity of the cognising organism, was at the same time the expression of the functional principle responsible for the mutual interdependence between an organism, the human being, and its environment...
Keywords: cognition; schema; formalism; structure; organism; attunement
|A Statement on Metaphoric Sentences - Nicoletta Caramelli|
This paper aims at pointing out the differing interpretations of metaphoric sentences’ comprehension as developed in the recent psycholinguistic literature. The inadequacies of the psycholinguistic theories of language processing which rests on the assumption according to which language is the expression of a relatively autonomous cognitive activity are highlighted in the interpretation of metaphors as anomalous sentences...
Keywords: cognition; sentence; structure; comprehension; perception
|Animal Terms in Children’s Metaphors - Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari|
This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence, i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term...
Keywords: cognition; metaphor; story; perception; statistics